Learning theories can be applied to different situations that happen during our day-to-day life. They take place no matter whether one recognizes them or not.
Classical conditioning learning is the one that is inherent in each single individual. It arises during the life of individual and is not genetically fixed (not inherited). This learning occurs under certain conditions and disappears in their absence. It is formed on the basis of unconditional reflexes involving higher parts of the brain. Classical conditioning learning depends on past experience and the specific context, on which it is formed.
Classical conditioning has been used in day-to-day routine for many years, and it is not hard to find it. The first thing about me that can be associated with classical conditioning is my mobile phone. When it rings, I pick it up and look who is calling. When I hear the bell ring, I run to my microwave in order to pick up food. However, it is necessary to note that this theory has been effectively used by advertising companies. They apply it by linking attractive thing to a product that is being sold. As a result, customer has positive feelings toward the product and company.
Operant conditioning is determined by the effect of certain situation. Operant conditioning is the result of reinforcement (amplification) and penalties (attenuation). Operant learning occurs when a living organism voluntarily performs an action in order to obtain the desired result. The term "operant" emphasizes the point that the environment of organism causes the desired result. An example of operant learning is the following: when a person knows that he or she works hard, it can lead to promotion as well as a thorough study of material can cause the high scores.
Operant conditioning is based on the actions that have a certain effect, and everyone understands it. This type of learning has been used a lot of times during one’s life. The most simple and at the same time strong example is children and their understanding of effects that a kicked ball can have. For instance, when children hit the ball and it breaks the window, the effect of this action is the understanding that much more attention should be paid before kicking the ball. This theory is also used in the life of students: when they pass the test and the result of it is a bad mark, they will understand that more time should be paid for subject learning.
Social learning is the process of knowledge and skills formation of constructive interaction with people on a personal and social level, aimed at achieving diverse socially significant goals. Social learning is the process of learning through the impact of social environment. It is also a binding change in the behavior of individual, based on his/her experience.
The easy example of this approach can be seen through the social and gender norms of society. These norms are based on the specific roles that men and women have in society development. The best example of social learning theory, with which everyone faces every day, is an advertisement. Regularly, TV channels and their advertisements tell people what they should eat, wear, and do. These are the standards that obtruded upon the mind. The finest example is the commercial of cereals, which have been popularized as the best breakfast. The commercial of hair care products tells how the hair should look like in order to be attractive and cool.
In conclusion, learning theories can be widely used in our day-to-day life. The understanding of how people get their knowledge and obtain experience is rather important for today's teaching practice. The successful methods of using different learning theories can create the model of effective and efficient learning.
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