Lesson4 ~하는 것 vs ~하기
As the previous topic, I said that we usually avoid to use "~하는 것", instead we like to use "~하기"
- read 읽어요 => reading 읽기
- listen to 들어요 => listening 듣기
- watch a movie 영화를 보아요 => watching movies 영화를 보기
But the meanings of them are not the same. ~하는 것 can also mean "the thing or person which or who you do~"
- 좋아해요 => (제가) 좋아하는~ = ~ which I like
- (제가) 좋아하는 것 = the things I like
- Natural but... (제가) 좋아하는 영화는 어벤저스에요. = the movies I like is Avengers.
- More Natural 영화는 어벤저스 좋아해요. I like avengers.
- 들어요 listen to => 듣는 = listening, which I listen to
- 두산이 읽는 것 = the things Duŝan read (두산Duŝan is a real person's name I met, also name of a company of korea)
- Natural but... 밍이 듣는 노래는 Girls like you에요. = the songs Ming listens to is Girls like you. (Ming is also a real person's name)
- More Natural Girls like you라는 노래를 들어요. She listens to the song, Girls like you.
You may don't understand the use of ~이/가. These are similar to ~은/~는 as a mark for Subject of the sentence. But as i said, even korean usually can't explain the diffrence of them. It's delicate and fine, but important. I will teach you later. Now just accept and pass it please.
"~하는 것을" can be shortened to "~하는 걸" like 뭐를 => 뭘. Omit the "을/를", the marks for Object in sentence. Korean love to shorten and omit words!
- 읽어요. read => 읽는 = reading, which i read
- 보아요 watch, see => 보는 = watching, which I watch
- (저는) sometime 책을 읽는 것을 좋아해요.
- => Natural but... 책 읽는 걸 좋아해요. I like reading books.
- => Natural 책 읽는 거 좋아해요. I like reading books.
- sometime 지완씨는 영화를 보는 것을 좋아해요.
- => Natural but 지완씨는 영화 보는 걸 좋아해요. Jiwan likes watching movies.
- => Natural 지완씨 영화 보는 거 좋아해요. Jiwan likes watching movies.